Tag Archives: Cotman series

Tutorial 7. Basic materials for watercolour painting.

This post is about basic watercolour materials.   

Something I have noticed over the years is that many people arrive at workshops, or go out for a day’s painting armed with everything and the kitchen sink:).     

Keeping life simple is definitely a good rule to live by, and this also applies to art materials. 

Frame 1 and 2 – Palettes

When painting indoors, I have used the same palette for over thirty years.     You will note that when I finish a day’s painting, I don’t scrub the palette clean…..to do so is to throw away good paint and money.     Rather, I hold it under a slow running tap and then with a watercolour brush clean off any areas where I have mixed paint.   

Even if the palette has been left to dry for several days, all I need to do is wet the remaining paint on the palette and the paint is activated again. 

My favourite watercolour palette:-

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I was given this little travelling palette about thirty years ago by a dear friend in the States.     The original blocks of paint have long gone, and so I simply fill the wells with tube paint.   Yes, it looks a little sad, however, after holding it under a running tap for a few seconds, it’s ready to go….

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Frame 3 and 4 –  Sketch books and paper. 

When travelling, I always carry a small sketchbook.    This is for recording quick images and writing notes.   This one is 5 inches square.      Note, one brush will do, plus a credit card with the corner cut off….also the credit card allows me through customs. 

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I will write a separate blog about watercolour papers, but today we are talking about papers and sketchbooks for playing and experimenting.      

I highly recommend that you purchase a ‘sample pack’ of watercolour papers from your supplier.    The packs are not expensive, and will allow you to play with different weights and types of papers.     

One of the suppliers I use, sells packs of 50 off cuts.    This is a very affordable way to purchase paper…for playing purposes.  Note I have put a colour ground on two of these. 

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Frame 5.   Watercolour Pencils

In my last demonstration using the Calla Lily as a subject, I sketched out the the Lily using a watercolour pencil.    To be honest, I hardly ever use them, but it reminded me how useful they can be.

In the first example, I have pulled out paint with a clean, wet brush from the hard line.    In the second example, I scribbled colour and then added water.   In the third if mixed blue and brown together and then added water. 

Watercolour pencils can be purchased from an art supplier. 

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Frame 6. – Brushes and knife. 

Note that I like to use a big brush and would suggest that when playing, you do the same.   It frees you up.    In this frame there is an uncharacteristically small brush for me, however, for demonstration purposes I used it to make the fine line.     The Rigger Brush (so called because it was used by Maritime artists to paint the rigging on ships) has a much longer head on it…and is very effective for fine lines.     

I have had this knife for about 17 years, since I absconded with it from a friend’s kitchen in San Francisco:)    I become attached to my materials and this knife is no exception. 

Note I made the broad marks, using the big brush and a mix of Burnt Sienna and Prussian Blue, and then pulled out with my knife. 

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Frame 7.   Juicy paint vs Transparent paint.

I often refer to juicy paint when I am teaching.     This means that I load my brush with tube paint, and very little water.

When I want the pigment to be transparent and light, I use much more water and very little pigment.    In the first example, I have used a mix of Burnt Sienna, Prussian blue….I loaded my big brush and applied directly to dry paper.     I then took a clean, wet brush and teased out the edge.    

In the second example, I have applied Winsor & Newton Green Gold, using my big brush and lots of water….very little pigment is needed.     I have then taken a clean, wet brush and pulled out the edge. 

Using my knife, I have then scraped through.      This is the kind of exercise that I highly recommend.   

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Frames 8, 9 and 10  –   Watercolours. 

These are what the Winsor & Newton Cotman series watercolours look like.     They are very reasonably priced and are excellent for beginners and advanced painters, alike.       I purchase the big tubes, however, they also have smaller tubes.    

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When working on a colour ground, I use Winsor & Newton Designer Gouache Permanent White.   There are some pigments where I choose to use the Winsor & Newton artist’s grade colour which is more expensive.      By the way, Winsor & Newton has recently changed their tubes and so don’t be thrown by this. 

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A few years ago, I was introduced to the Daniel Smith range of watercolours and I love them.    They are more expensive, but absolutely worth it. 

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The following are some of the pigments I use.    

Winsor & Newton, Cotman series. – Burnt Sienna, Prussian Blue, Dioxazine Violet, Yellow Ochre, Cadmium Orange, Alizarin Crimson, Turquoise, Sepia, cadmium yellow hue, Burnt Umber 

Winsor & Newton – Artists grade – Green Gold, Burnt Sienna 

Winsor & Newton – Designer Gouache – Cobalt Turquoise Light, Opera Rose, Naples Yellow. 

Daniel Smith – Raw Umber Violet, Carmine.

Here are the websites for my favourite suppliers.

http://www.jacksonsart.com      http://www.kenbromleyartsupplies.co.uk     http://www.danielsmith.com  http://www.winsornewton.com

When I travel, as I did recently to the States, I order my paper from a supplier in the country where I will be working (in the States, Daniel Smith).    There are many excellent suppliers worldwide….the four that I have given here, I highly recommend.     All supplies can be ordered on line and delivered to your door.

Happy painting.

A Bientôt   

 

 

 

Tutorial 5. Warm up landscape.

In this short video, I am using the same techniques used in the Calla Lily tutorial.

This is a warm up exercise that I have used for many years. You end up with a little landscape painting, which again can be modified in many different ways, by changing the horizon line, adding some mountains, etc. The key is that it’s all about warming up and playing. By the way any colours can be used.

Before e mail, when I would send lots of snail mail around the world, I would paint these little landscapes on the envelopes. A great way to warm up, and the receivers always enjoyed.

For the sky area I am using – Winsor & Newton Cotman series, Turquoise and Dioxazine Violet.

Between the sky and land, Winsor & Newton Gold Green, and a mix of Prussian Blue and Burnt Sienna for the foreground.

I use a knife or credit card to scrape out grasses in the foreground.

It’s important to note that I don’t use black in my watercolours. Rather I mix Prussian Blue and Burnt Sienna for my darks. I would suggest that you play with swatches of this combination.

Note that I bring colour from the top of the painting into the foreground….because the sky naturally reflects upon the land. Everything reflects and everything is interconnected. This also helps to balance and bring harmony to the image.

This little story points out how our minds are conditioned by what we are taught, rather than what we actually see or experience.

When giving a workshop in Wales one beautiful sunny January morning, one of the participants painted a landscape he had seen on the way to the workshop. He explained that the fields in the landscape was actually blue, and then went onto say that as there are no blue fields in winter, he painted them brown……..

The fact was, the man had seen blue fields. He had seen the reflection of the clear blue sky onto the white frost covering the fields. Rather than believe what he actually observed, he instinctively chose to go with what he had been taught.

When we first enter the world, we are naturally full of curiosity and wonder.

By the time we come to the end of our formative years, at around seven, the narrow definition that our culture has imposed upon us has taken hold.

Happy warming up and playing.

All these exercises can be found in my book The Apple Exercise. The book is available through the products page of my website at http://www.janetweightreed.co.uk

A Bientôt